The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.
What can be more exciting than getting a diamondback terrapin? These turtles with diamond-like appearances on the shells are a total delight and treat for the eyes. But are these turtles cool in nature? Or are diamondback terrapins aggressive?
Diamondback terrapins are anything but not aggressive. These turtles have a friendly and docile nature towards both their relatives and the owners. However, the terrapins can initiate an attack if the situation goes against their favor.
What instigates a diamondback terrapin to act hostile? How can you deal with an angry terrapin? Here is your answer.
Are Diamondback Terrapins Aggressive?
Unlike other turtle species, diamondback terrapins are social and docile. They are not aggressive at all.
Instead, the terrapins approach other turtles and their owners with friendly gestures. However, these turtles can act with aggression if the situation demands it.
See, diamondback terrapins do not get hostile too often. However, you may have noticed that frequent handling or an interaction session is often stressful for most turtle species. Take map turtles, softshell turtles, and snapping turtles as examples.
The map turtles act friendly most of the time. But depending on the situation, these map turtles can attack the opposite party. Unfortunately, the cases of Mississippi map turtles biting their tank mates or owners are not rare.
Similarly, snapping and softshell turtles become offensive due to frequent handling or improper habitat management. Besides, crowded aquariums and chaotic surroundings can unleash the defensive side of these turtles.
Florida softshell turtles have quite the name for biting. Again, reports prove that snapping turtles can bite off fingers in aggression.
Compared to these species, diamondback terrapins are less hostile. Unlike other species, these turtles are social. So, they can adjust and compromise in most situations. But then again, if the scenario demands combat, the terrapins will not step back.
The diamondback terrapins have razor-like and powerful jaws, which are enough to damage any opponent. These turtles have a medium size range, about 5 – 11 inches, which works in their favor while attacking.
Hence, do not take advantage of the docile nature of a terrapin. The pet can give you a sting with its sharp bite.
Why Do Diamondback Terrapins Get Aggressive?
While any interaction is disturbing for most turtle species, the diamondback terrapins are pretty social. As I have mentioned, terrapins will act hostile if they are instigated. There are internal and external factors that can make these turtles aggressive.
Here is a brief discussion on each aspect,
Back Off! You Are On My Property!
Diamondback terrapins are social, and there is no doubt about that. However, it simply does not mean that the species does not have territorial insecurities.
Like other turtle species, terrapins are also concerned about their home boundary. Hence, any invasion provokes them to attack the opposite party.
Diamondback terrapins live in marshes, creeks, estuaries, etc., in the wild. These vast water bodies provide the turtles with more than enough space, and therefore, the chances of fights due to territorial issues are ignorable. Still, sometimes turtles of different species get involved in arguments to claim boundaries.
Violence over territory is more common in captive turtles. If you overcrowd the habitat, the terrapins will start nudging, biting, and nipping each other.
Keeping multiple turtles in a congested tank causes the pets mental stress. Anxiety or panicking can make the turtles bully each other. Terrapins often get aggressive while picking up on the tank mates.
Are you struggling to imagine your cute terrapin as a bully? Here is an insight into the bullying behavior of turtles.
Basking Seems Impossible
Diamondback terrapins are aquatic species. Indeed. But these turtles are equally in need of basking, both in the wild and in captivity. Hence, professionals suggest setting up basking docks and lamps to provide heat and light to these turtles.
What if the basking platform is too congested for all the turtles you raise together? The chances are going to witness a fight.
Diamondback terrapins are obsessed with basking. So they come to the station between their swimming sessions to soak the UV rays and heat.
Again, basking is significant for terrapins to keep the body temperature stable and build a solid body structure. Hence, depriving these turtles of this facility will cause them mental stress and physical issues.
When the basking dock gets overcrowded, the turtles start stacking. Terrapins basking on a dock climbing on each other’s shells is a familiar scene in the wild. However, turtle stacking is also observed in captivity due to space shortage.
There is nothing wrong with basking in a stack. However, this culture often leads to violence among the turtles.
Strong adult male terrapins always try getting on the top of this tiny mountain to exhibit dominance. But on the other hand, the young turtles stay behind in the bottom tier.
Young adults often rebel against tradition and try to claim the top position. As a result, you might see your pets fighting against each other.
Mating Season Is Here
May is the breeding season for the diamondback terrapins. In the wild, these turtles, especially the males, look for a partner during this month.
The male terrapin usually approaches the female for copulation by nipping, fanning, swimming around her in a loop, etc. Again, sometimes, the male turtles try mounting the females from the back in an attempt to mate.
The female terrapins either agree to involve in the intercourse or backlash at the males. In later cases, the females might bite or kick the opponent to make them back off.
Such cycles of action and reactions seem aggressive from both ends. But these are totally natural.
Again, the breeding behavior is also expected in the captive terrapins when you raise multiple of them. Housing male and female turtles together increase the sexual tension inside the tank. In these scenarios, the male turtles act aggressively toward the females and provoke them to mate.
Experts suggest that successful breeding precedes only if the males in the habitat are more than the females. According to data, an ideal sex ratio is 2.5:1.
As there are more males against only one female, the copulation can get bloody. Moreover, all the male terrapins might try to get involved in intercourse with the female, which often stresses her or causes physical injury.
A Friendly Gesture?
Many studies suggest that aggression is a friendly gesture from one diamondback terrapin to another. According to these researches, these turtles live and bask in large groups made of familiar individuals. They do not welcome any stranger in their close circle.
Hence, when a fight breaks out, the chances are two friends are picking on each other. Ramming, nipping, nudging, etc., are their forms of being competitive.
Failure Choosing Tank Companion
Diamondback terrapins prefer living in large groups. Hence, putting two or more terrapins in a single habitat should not pose any issue. However, everything goes wrong when you try mixing up two different species.
Most turtle species are not as friendly as diamondback terrapins. Moreover, they might not like bunking with another turtle at all. Such situations lead to bullying, and eventually, the pets start picking on each other.
However, the same situation might occur if you mix different gender and age diamondback terrapins in a single enclosure.
Mental Stress Is Real
Do you think mental health is only real for us? No! The diamondback terrapins also experience stress or anxiety in their daily life. But of course, these are nothing long-term.
As you know, stressing over anything brings no good, even for the terrapins. For example, anxiety makes them aggressive and more hostile.
Here are the things that make a diamondback terrapin stressed,
- Congested tank
- Improper habitat arrangements
- Inappropriate water salinity
- Poor quality water filtration
- No heating arrangement
- Unfit tank mate
- Messy diet chart
- Chaotic environment
- Rough touch, etc.
How To Deal With Diamondback Terrapin’s Aggression?
I suppose the diamondback terrapin keepers are the luckiest owners. The species hardly lash out in anger and always stay in a cheerful mood. But, of course, ignoring the possibility of aggression is nothing but silly.
You have already gone through the factors that make the terrains lose their minds. Hence, eliminating these unwanted obstacles will surely solve the issue.
Here are the tips on how to deal with turtle aggression,
1. Make The Habitat Big Enough!
Diamondback terrapins are medium-sized. While the females grow up to 11 inches, the males manage to develop a carapace of 6.5 inches.
These turtles experience an excellent growth rate in the first few years. The terrapin hatchlings are born 1 – 1.5 inches, and within 2 – 3 years, they will grow up to 5 inches.
Even though you can house the babies in a 10 – 25 gallon tank, the size is impossible to accommodate an adult terrapin. The experts suggest that an adult female requires a habitat of 110 – 125 gallons. An aquarium of 75 – 100 gallons will work when it comes to a male.
If you want to house more than one terrapin in a single habitat, 75 or 125-gallon tanks will not be enough. Instead, you have to switch to a more spacious aquarium and even ponds depending on the population.
If you overcrowd the tank, the terrapins will not be able to move freely. It will simply make them stressed. As a result, the turtles will start acting aggressive and hostile with the tank mates. They will be involved in a fight to claim territory.
Then again, you can put an end to this violence by arranging a bigger habitat. When you put the terrapins in a large space, they will have lesser reasons to attack their companions.
2. Fight For The Dock
Diamondback terrapins love basking in groups. Hence, providing them with a large station is mandatory. The congested platform will make them bask in the stack.
I know turtle stacking is usual and natural. However, fighting for the top position is not rare either.
The strong and adult turtles compete with each other to get on the top tier. Unfortunately, such competition often induces aggression and hostility in the terrapins.
3. Visual Barriers Are Blessings
As I have said, your social terrapins can be a bully sometimes. Unfortunately, the stronger turtles tend to pick up on the weak to prove social dominance. Turtle bullying can turn into a bloody fight in no time.
For these reasons, providing enough hiding spots in the tank is mandatory. The weak turtles can take shelter in those places whenever chased. You can use rocks, logs, broken pottery, and plants to make these visual barriers.
4. Feed The Turtles Right
Besides territory, the diamondback terrapins are pretty concerned about their meals. Hence, keeping the turtles hungry is not a brilliant idea as they will lose their cool. For example, if you provide less food for multiple terrapins, there will be a fight over the meal.
Therefore, it is advisable to feed the turtles regularly and according to their needs. You can follow the 15-minutes rule or the head method to determine the diet quantity of a diamondback terrapin. For a detailed meal plan, please read my previous write-up.
5. Water Quality And Habitat Environment
Diamondback terrapins have unique water requirements. These turtles prefer living in salty water rather than freshwater. Hence, maintaining salinity in the tank is a must.
Generally, mixing marine salt with tap water works for these turtles. It does not matter how salty the water is, as the terrapins can withstand ocean water for months. However, these turtles still require freshwater sources for drinking.
The terrapins feel mentally and physically stressed if you fail to maintain the water salinity. In addition, it will make the turtles aggressive.
Again, besides balancing water conditions, it is equally necessary to maintain a suitable temperature inside the habitat. The turtles will be in a chill mood if they feel at home. You can replicate the wild environment inside the tank by installing UV lights, a tank heater, and a water filter.
6. It Is All In The Pair
Diamondback terrapins are meant to live in a group. Yet, raising multiple turtles in a single housing leads to aggression and fighting. The violence is more observed if you mix species.
Generally, adult males pick up on females and babies. Again, the males often fight among themselves for no valid reasons. On the other hand, females and baby terrapins live peacefully among themselves.
Hence, it would be best to be careful and practical while choosing the tank companions. Professionals suggest experimenting with different pairs and groups before finalizing their habitat status.
7. Leave The Turtle Alone
Depending on the situation, the terrapins can also be aggressive towards the owners. For example, the pets will lash out at you if you handle the turtles roughly or poke them unnecessarily.
So, try to keep a quiet environment around the turtle tank. Touch the terrapins politely and avoid handling them if not necessary. Lastly, if you notice your terrapin acting stressed, leave it alone for some time.
Can Diamondback Terrapin Live Together?
Diamondback terrapins live together as they are social by nature. However, you have to be careful while mixing these turtles with other species and fishes.
Say you want to house several diamondback terrapins together. Will it always be successful? No.
Even though terrapins live in a community, the chances of a fight are not negligible. For example, the males act aggressively among themselves. Then, again, they try to dominate the babies and females.
Also, they often disturb the females for mating. But on the other hand, the females and the hatchlings can live together with minimum violence.
Hence, it is best not to raise multiple males in a single habitat. But, again, if you want to house a pair, make sure they get along.
Furthermore, while mixing species, do not put diamondback terrapins with snapping or softshell turtles. Instead, try out red eared sliders or painted turtles as tank mates.
There is always a risk of backfiring the plan. Therefore, you should keep an eye on these pets for weeks to observe their behavior towards each other. Here is a guide on how to house multiple turtles successfully.
Again, diamondback turtles can live with fishes as long as they are medium in size and can move fast. However, terrapins are carnivorous and prefer hunting fishes to boost their appetite. Hence, slow-moving fishes will end up being a feast for the turtles.
In essence, while choosing tank mates for the diamondback terrapins, consider the species, gender, age, and nature.
Are Diamondback Terrapins Friendly?
Compared to other turtle species, the diamondback terrapins are social and docile. They make large groups of familiars and do most activities together. Also, the terrapins are kind to their owners and act friendly. As a result, these pets have a reputation for playing and interacting with humans.
Whenever you plan for a new turtle, researching its behavior and temperament is necessary. Say goodbye to your mental peace if you welcome an aggressive species home. Turtles start acting hostile when they do not get along.
However, you have to worry a little with diamondback terrapins due to their friendly gesture towards the tank mates and the owners. When most turtle species get stressed because of the frequent touching, the terrapins enjoy the company. Therefore, you do not have to struggle to get hold of these cute pets.
You can raise multiple diamondback terrapins without hassle, even in a single habitat. These turtles will get along and make no mess if the arrangements are reasonable.
I must say the tolerance level of the terrapins is really appreciable. They do not attack or become violent over silly things. However, these turtles will only initiate hostile behavior if the opponent means harm to them.
Do Diamondback Turtles Bite?
There should be no doubt about the biting capability of diamondback terrapins. The species own sharp and razor-like beaks. When in aggression, these turtles bite the opponent in self-defense. Their bitings are painful and often leave a scar behind.
It is true that the diamondback terrapins are friendly and withstand rough handling. But, you should never take advantage of their docile nature.
Considering their massive head size, extended neck, and sharp jaw structure, you should be more careful around the terrapins. If you stress these turtles, they will not think twice before attacking you.
The terrapins are quick with their attack, giving you no chance to back step. Their bitings often get bloody and sting. However, compared to snapping turtles, diamondback terrapins are less aggressive. Still, I advise you to behave with these turtles with more compassion and handle them gently.
Diamondback terrapins are docile and love interaction. Most of the time, you will find these turtles playing or swimming in a cheerful mood. Also, the terrapins love basking in large groups and think of it as a part of their social activity. However, these turtles can get aggressive while under stress or sensing danger.